Stopping cyber crime – the cost of which is being estimated at US$445 billion – can positively impact world economies, argues a new report from the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and sponsored by McAfee Inc.
The report found that global losses connected to “personal information” breaches could reach US$160 billion, notes a statement from McAfee, part of Intel Security.
Losses from cyber crime include those directly connected to the digital and electronic clean-up that must occur following an attack, the statement notes. In Italy, for example, actual hacking losses totalled US$875 million, but the recovery, or clean-up costs, reached US$8.5 billion.
Studies estimate the Internet economy annually generates between $2 trillion and $3 trillion, a share of the global economy that is expected to grow rapidly, the statement says. Based on CSIS estimates, cyber crime extracts between 15% and 20% of the value created by the Internet.
The most important cost of cyber crime comes from its damage to company performance and to national economies, the report concludes, adding that cyber crime damages trade, competitiveness, innovation and global economic growth.
“Cyber crime is a tax on innovation and slows the pace of global innovation by reducing the rate of return to innovators and investors,” says Jim Lewis of CSIS. “The effect of cyber crime is to shift employment away from jobs that create the most value. Even small changes in GDP can affect employment,” Lewis adds.
The statement notes that cyber crime has an impact on approximately 200,000 jobs in the United States and about 150,000 jobs in the European Union.
With regard to intellectual property (IP), the report found cyber crime’s effect is particularly damaging. Countries where IP creation and IP-intensive industries are important for wealth creation lose more in trade, jobs and income from cyber crime than countries depending more on agriculture or industries of low-level manufacturing.
“Over the years, cyber crime has become a growth industry, but that can be changed, with greater collaboration between nations, and improved public private partnerships,” Scott Montgomery, chief technology officer, public sector for McAfee, says in the statement. “The technology exists to keep financial information and intellectual property safe, and when we do so, we create opportunities for positive economic growth and job creation worldwide.”